What is Keto?

Renae Nicole
2 min readAug 17, 2023

The keto diet is a high-fat, low-carb, and low-to-moderate protein diet. As a general rule, keto dieters eat below 35 grams of carbs and get 70% of their calories from fat and 25% from protein. A typical diet consists of seafood, low-carb vegetables, cheese, avocados, meat, eggs, coconut oil, greek yogurt, cottage cheese, olive oil, nuts, seeds, berries, butter, cream, coffee, tea, and dark chocolate.

Keto is short for ketosis, a metabolic process in the body. In ketosis, the body uses fat as energy instead of carbohydrates. The body mobilizes fatty acids, which go to the liver, where they are oxidized into ketone bodies. In a ketogenic diet, the ketone bodies become the primary energy source.

One common side effect of the keto diet is the “keto flu.” The symptoms are nausea, headaches, and fatigue. The keto flu occurs a few days into the diet and results from the body going into ketosis. When the body switches energy sources from sugars to fats, it is out of balance resulting in the keto flu.

Image via Getty Images

Further Reading:

Keto flu: What it is, symptoms, and home remedies

Keto and Hormones: How Does It Affect Women? | Well+Good

Further Watching:

Doctor Mike on Diets: Ketogenic Diet | Diet Review


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Renae Nicole

Certified Personal Trainer | Health Coach | Nutrition Coach | Worldview: Christianity